Android: Dex+反射实现截屏服务器

@Wanyor  March 12, 2018

去年写过关于安卓运行dex的文章 https://testerhome.com/topics/9649
那时候觉得,哇,真是好东西。最近研究minicap(C++),vysor(反射调用screenshot)这些同屏工具,想造个轮子试试:dex+反射截屏。

0x00.截屏核心代码:

参考安卓源码:

/**
反射大法调用Surface|SurfaceControl的screenshot方法
参考安卓源码:
sdk >  17: https://android.googlesource.com/platform/frameworks/base/+/master/core/java/android/view/SurfaceControl.java
sdk <= 17: https://android.googlesource.com/platform/frameworks/base/+/android-4.2.2_r1.2/core/java/android/view/Surface.java
*/
public static Bitmap screecap(int screenWidth, int screenHeight){

  String surfaceClassName = " ";

  if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT <= 17) {
    surfaceClassName = "android.view.Surface";
  } else {
    surfaceClassName = "android.view.SurfaceControl";
  }

  // 关键在于此处反射调用获取bitmap
  Bitmap bitmap = (Bitmap) Class.forName(surfaceClassName).getDeclaredMethod("screenshot", new Class[]{Integer.TYPE, Integer.TYPE}).invoke(null, new Object[]{picWidth, picHeight});
  return bitmap;
}

0x01.bitmap转换为图片

压缩bitmap为jpg|png图片,写入sd卡或其他合适路径即可。

代码烂就不贴了,后面提供一个demo,可以尝试下

0x02.拓展:浏览器看图

java实现一个简单的HTTP server,把图片base64编码, 嵌在html中自动刷新,然后使用adb forward重定向绑定到电脑的某一端口,浏览器访问。

//截屏转base64字符串
public static String cap2base64(){
    int picWidth = 1080;
    int picHeight = 1920;
    String result = "";

    System.out.println("Starting screen capture...");

    long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

    String surfaceClassName = " ";
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT <= 17) {
        surfaceClassName = "android.view.Surface";
    } else {
        surfaceClassName = "android.view.SurfaceControl";
    }

    try {
        Bitmap bitmap;
        bitmap = (Bitmap) Class.forName(surfaceClassName).getDeclaredMethod("screenshot", new Class[]{Integer.TYPE, Integer.TYPE}).invoke(null, new Object[]{picWidth, picHeight});

        System.out.println(bitmap.getWidth() + "x" + bitmap.getHeight());
        System.out.println(bitmap.toString());

        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, baos);

        baos.flush();
        baos.close();

        byte[] bitmapBytes = baos.toByteArray();
        result = Base64.encodeToString(bitmapBytes, Base64.DEFAULT);

        long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println("Cost: " + (endTime - startTime) + "ms");
        System.out.println("Screen capture finished.");

    } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
        System.out.println("1 error");
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
        System.out.println("2 error");
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
        System.out.println("3 error");
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
        System.out.println("4 error");
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return result;
}

//http server
public void startServer(int port){
    try {
        try (ServerSocket ss = new ServerSocket(port)) {
            while (true) {
                Socket socket = ss.accept();
                
                PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(socket.getOutputStream());

                pw.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
                pw.println("Content-type:text/html");
                pw.println();
                pw.println("<head>" +
                        "<meta charset=\"utf-8\"/>" +
                        "<meta http-equiv=\"refresh\" content=\"0.25\">" +
                        "<title>Android Screen Mirror</title>" +
                        "</head>");
                pw.println("<h2>A screen mirror tool for android by Wanyor.</h2>" );

                Utils u = new Utils();
                String imgBase64 = u.cap2base64();
                pw.println("<img src=\"data:image/png;base64," + imgBase64 + "\" width=\"480\" height=\"800\"/>");

                pw.flush();
                socket.close();
            }
        }
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

0x03.demo


评论已关闭